December 13, 2015

In Paris, California Governor Brown, Ambassador Hartley Welcome 15 New Signatories to Under 2 MOU Climate Pact

On his second full day in Paris for the United Nations Climate Change Conference, Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr. and U.S. Ambassador to France Jane D. Hartley today welcomed 15 new signatories to the Under 2 MOU climate agreement at a signing ceremony hosted at the U.S. Ambassador’s Residence in Paris.

“Make no mistake, as leaders of the world’s cities, states and regions, we are on the front lines in the battle to combat climate change,” said Governor Brown.

Since California first began seeking signatories in May, a total of 80 jurisdictions representing 22 countries and six continents have signed or endorsed the Under 2 MOU. Together, the signatories now represent more than 614 million people and $18.6 trillion in GDP, equivalent to nearly a quarter of the global economy.

"We are waging a fight to save our planet, and we have recognized that we must take action at all levels – as individuals, cities, states, and regions – to combat the very real threat of climate change,” said Ambassador Hartley.

Earlier in the day, Governor Brown discussed California's nation-leading renewable energy action at the "RE-Energizing the Future" conference organized by the European Commission, International Renewable Energy Agency, Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century, Syndicate for Renewable Energy of France and others. The Governor's panel focused on global clean energy action from national and subnational governments and included African Union Commissioner for Infrastructure and Energy Dr. Elham M.A. Ibrahim, Morocco's Minister of Energy Dr. Abdelkader Amara and Lord Mayor of Sydney Clover Moore.

Later, Governor Brown delivered keynote remarks at the "2015 Global Landscapes Forum" following a plenary session featuring international scientists and government leaders seeking to bridge the divide between climate research and policy making--a longstanding priority in California. This event, one of the COP21's largest "side events," was organized by the French government, Center for International Forestry Research, UNEP, the World Bank and others.

The Under 2 MOU is an agreement to limit the increase in global average temperature to below 2 degrees Celsius, the warming threshold at which scientists say there will likely be catastrophic climate disruptions.

At the ceremony today, hosted by Governor Brown and Ambassador Hartley, leaders representing seven jurisdictions signed onto the agreement, including: South Australia; Australia; Mato Grosso, Brazil; Basilicata, Italy; Navarra, Spain; and the cities of Austin (TX), Seattle (WA) and Oakland (CA).

Leaders from eight other jurisdictions signed the agreement remotely, including: Midi-Pyrénées, France; San Martín, Peru; Jämtland Härjedalen, Sweden; Aquitaine, France; Piedmont, Italy; City of São Paulo, Brazil; City of Bristol, U.K.; and the State of Rhode Island, U.S. Additionally, the Dutch province of South Holland, part of a group of eight other new signatories announced earlier this week, joined today's ceremony to sign in-person.

“Like California, South Australia is leading the transition to a low carbon economy,” said South Australia Premier Jay Weatherill. “We are powered by more than 40 percent renewables and we aim to make our capital, Adelaide, the world’s first carbon neutral city. We are proud to join with other sub-national governments taking decisive action on global warming through the signing of the Under 2 MOU.”

While South Australia is the first Australian state to sign the agreement, Rhode Island became the ninth American state to join the Under 2 MOU.

“Rhode Island is making every effort to address climate change and mitigate its impacts on the environment, public health, and the economic strength of our communities,” said Rhode Island Governor Gina Raimondo. “Our recently adopted State Energy Plan identifies a group of policies which will allow us to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by about 45 percent by 2035, and aims for approximately 80 percent in reductions by 2050. We look forward to working within our borders and with our partners nationally and around the world to achieve a strong, sustainable, clean energy future.”

Under the agreement, signatories commit to either reducing greenhouse gas emissions 80 to 95 percent below 1990 levels by 2050 or achieving a per capita annual emission target of less than 2 metric tons by 2050. These targets allow each individual government to tailor emission reduction plans to fit regional needs.

The pact seeks to enhance cooperation to achieve these goals through a range of activities, including:
  • Developing mid-term targets needed to support long-term reduction goals;
  • Sharing technology, scientific research and best practices to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy;
  • Collaborating to expand the use of zero-emission vehicles;
  • Taking steps to ensure consistent monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions;
  •  Improving air quality by reducing short-lived climate pollutants such as black carbon and methane; and -Assessing the projected impacts of climate change on communities.

For more information on the agreement, please visit

Today’s ceremony comes during five days of UN Climate Change Conference events involving Governor Brown in Le Bourget and throughout Paris organized by the French, U.S., German and Chinese governments, UNFCCC, the European Commission, the World Bank, UN Foundation, Climate Group, International New York Times, École Normale Supérieure (ENS) and many others.

Governor Brown is attending the UN Climate Change Conference at the invitation of UNFCCC Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres – the United Nations' top climate change official – and France's Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development Laurent Fabius – the president of the COP21.

Statements from Under 2 MOU Signatories

Mato Grosso, Brazil Governor Pedro Taques: “We will propose during the U.N. Climate Conference, a strategy aimed at reducing CO2 emissions six gigatons by 2030, with a zero deforestation goal already in 2020. We have bold goals for sustainable development that seek to combine increased production, forest conservation and socio-economic inclusion. But that will only be possible through the joining of forces between the state government, federal government, foreign investment funds and private sectors.” 

Jämtland Härjedalen, Sweden Regional Commissioner Robert Uitto: “The Jämtland Härjedalen region is committed to ambitious climate goals and it is very important for us to engage in international collaborations to battle climate change. Tourism is one of our most important sources of income, and the tourism industry in our region is dedicated to driving sustainable development. Other initiatives include for instance renewable energy production. Now it is time to escalate all these efforts, in order to secure a sustainable future.”

Midi-Pyrénées Region, France President Martin Malvy: “The Region Midi-Pyrenees is pleased to join initiatives involving local authorities that are on the frontline in the fight against climate change or to manage the consequences. The Under 2 MOU orientations for 2050 are similar to the momentum generated by the Region Midi-Pyrénées through its plan ‘Midi-Pyrénées Energies,’ in partnership with many other public and private stakeholders.”

Navarra, Spain Director General of Environment Eva García Balaguer: “Promotion of renewable energy, improvements in energy efficiency, sustainable mobility plans in urban centers, and applied research carried out in the private sector – these are just some examples of the progress made in Navarre to date. There is no denying that the progress made thus far is a good starting point, but in the current context, with the commitments made both in Europe and internationally, this is not enough. Navarre wants to take a firm stance in the fight against climate change. We are a small region, but it does not exempt us from international liability regarding the reduction of emission and doing our contribution to stop climate change. Therefore, we are grateful to California and leading and signatories regions and local powers of Under 2 MOU initiative.”

City of Bristol, U.K. Mayor George Ferguson: “Cities and regions must work together to create a low carbon, sustainable future. We have no choice but to act if our cities – of all sizes – are to become great places to raise families, to become child-friendly, safe and healthy. We hope that some of the transformational action Bristol is taking, such as reducing energy demand for over 30,000 homes since 2005 in order to tackle fuel poverty, will inspire others to join us. We’re showing the way by reducing emissions, improving lives and creating jobs through our investment in simple low carbon actions.”

City of Seattle, Washington Mayor Ed Murray: “Local commitments to climate action have helped propel worldwide attention and action leading up to the Paris conference. Seattle has long been at the forefront of this movement, and I am excited to see this level of engagement from other cities as exhibited in this agreement. We will continue to respond to climate change locally even as we push the federal government to step up its commitment.”

City of Austin, Texas Mayor Steve Adler: “Austin has set a target of net-zero community-wide greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. We are pleased to join a growing number of cities making bold commitments to reducing our carbon footprint and take action to mitigate the severity of climate change. This is unchartered territory in which we are working and there are advantages to broadening the collective brain power and testing capacity and sharing of best practices offered by coalitions such as Under 2.”

City of Oakland, California Mayor Libby Schaaf: “We are excited to pursue our ambitious climate action goals, and support the Under 2 MOU in aligning subnational governments around these commitments. Oakland proudly supports fellow governments in making and achieving tangible commitments, and to prove that success in meeting these goals is possible.”

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